Carisoprodol Classification, Side Effects, Dosage, Uses
July 12, 2021 By David Smith 0

Carisoprodol Classification | Side Effects | Dosage | Uses

Carisoprodol (Soma) is a popular muscle relaxant for the treatment of muscular pain and discomfort. It is a short-term use medicine, prescribed only for up to two to three weeks.

Carisoprodol Classification

  • Carisoprodol drug class : Muscle relaxant
  • Carisoprodol generic name : Carisoprodol 
  • Carisoprodol brand name : Soma
  • Carisoprodol classification : Schedule IV

The medicine is the generic name for the brand medication, Soma. Along with it, there are many other brand names of this medicine available in the market.

The Carisoprodol schedule signifies that it possesses some potential for abuse and misuse. Therefore, doctors do not recommend the medication for extended-duration use.

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) classifies Carisoprodol controlled substances under schedule IV, which has lesser potential for abuse and addiction when compared to schedule I, II, and III substances.

Carisoprodol generic medicine is available in two doses of the active ingredient. Apart from this, it also contains some inactive ingredients, including magnesium stearate, alginic acid, starch, potassium sorbate, and tribasic calcium sorbate.

Experts say that the Carisoprodol drug class is muscle relaxant medication. However, the medicine does not work like other muscle relaxers. Instead, it works like a pain killer to relieve pain and relax muscles.

Carisoprodol Medication

Carisoprodol medicine is a muscle relaxer that works in the brain to help relieve muscle spasms. It works to ease the pain and discomfort caused due to various musculoskeletal conditions. 

Carisoprodol’s mechanism of action is still not known by experts. However, they categorize the medication under muscle relaxants class. 

The medication is available as a single ingredient medicine and also in combination with other substances to enhance its effectiveness. The most popular combinations include aspirin/Carisoprodol, Carisoprodol and acetaminophen, and Carisoprodol aspirin codeine.

The single ingredient Carisoprodol pills come only as an immediate delivery medication in the following dosing strengths:

Soma Carisoprodol works quickly in the brain to impart its therapeutic effects. Patients can take the medication on an “as needed,” and the medicine still works well. 

It is an oral administration medicine that users can break into half if needed and crush it to use. 

Side Effects

Carisoprodol pills are usually safe and well-tolerated in people with genuine medical conditions. They do not cause any significant effect at therapeutic doses.

Every medication has its associated risks and side effects. Carisoprodol’s side effects are mild at medicinal doses and generally subside within a few days of use. Even when the medicine works appropriately for the user, it may create several unwanted effects. 

People using Carisoprodol 350 mg tablets should immediately consult their doctor if they experience any allergic reactions or seizures.

Carisoprodol’s side effects usually get better over time as the brain and body get used to this medicine. In case the undesirable effects do not go away or worsen with time, consult the prescribing doctor.

The most frequently occurring Carisoprodol side effects include:

  • Headache
  • Drowsiness
  • Dizziness

Carisoprodol 350 mg side effects are more significant as it is a higher dose of the medication. These include:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Low blood pressure

Some other adverse effects may also occur with the medication; however, they are rare at directed doses. These effects include chest pain, chills or fever, cold sweats, confusion, shortness of breath, muscle spasms, coughs, loss of bladder control, sore throat, unusual bleeding, and weakness or tiredness.

Many people take this medicine to achieve a Carisoprodol high. This does not include euphoria or dysphoria like morphine and heroin high. However, Carisoprodol high can cause feelings of strong sedation and relaxation.

Abusers also take Carisoprodol and alcohol together to achieve desired results as it creates more significant effects of sedation due to additive effects of the central nervous system.

Carisoprodol Dosage

The available Carisoprodol dosage forms include 250 mg and Carisoprodol 350 mg. A doctor will decide the best daily dosage for every patient based upon the type and severity of the medical condition they have, their response to the medication, age, weight, and height, and several other relevant factors.

The standard daily Carisoprodol dosage is as follows:

Average Adults with Skeletal Muscle Pain and Spasms

  • Initial dose: initial dose is Carisoprodol 250 mg every four to six hours as required
  • Dose increment: increase the dose to Carisoprodol 350 mg if required
  • Daily dose: not more than four Carisoprodol 350 mg tablets a day
  • Note: Take three doses in the day and one before going to bed

Children Below 16 years

Carisoprodol pills are not safe for children below 16 years.

Adults Above 65 years

Adults above 65 years are more prone to the side effects of Carisoprodol. So, it is not safe to give this medicine to them unless prescribed by a certified doctor.

Carisoprodol Overdose

Taking more than prescribed Carisoprodol dosage can cause an overdose. As with any other medicine, Carisoprodol overdose can also be dangerous and cause some severe adverse effects, including:

  • Dilated or enlarged pupils
  • Unconsciousness
  • Blurred vision
  • Hallucinations
  • Blue or pale lips, skin, or fingernails
  • Uncontrolled eye movements
  • Unusual weakness and drowsiness

Taking too much of this medicine, leading to Carisoprodol overdose, can lead to life-threatening symptoms. People should immediately visit emergency rooms in case of overdose.

Carisoprodol Uses

Carisoprodol pills are a helpful muscle relaxant popular across the United States. It is a fast-acting medicine whose effects usually begin within an hour of oral ingestion. 

The primary Carisoprodol uses include:

  • Relief of muscular pain
  • Treatment of discomfort caused due to strain and sprain
  • Treatment of neck pain and back pain

The medication is helpful with all types of painful conditions caused by skeletal muscle injuries. Its therapeutic effects usually last for two to four hours. However, Carisoprodol’s half-life is nearly 2 hours.

Warnings

Soma Carisoprodol can cause some severe health problems, and this risk is higher in certain groups. The common Carisoprodol warnings by the Food and Drug Administration include:

  • Effects on concentration and driving: Carisoprodol pills can cause drowsiness and sedation to cause adverse effects on concentration and driving. These risks are more severe when the user takes Carisoprodol and alcohol together.
  • Risk of dependence and withdrawal: using the medication for more than prescribed or at higher doses can lead to dependence, causing Carisoprodol addiction. Also, abruptly stopping the use of this medicine can cause withdrawal symptoms.
  • Risk of seizures: taking Carisoprodol overdose can cause seizures. Additionally, abusing the medication with other central nervous system depressants can also lead to seizures.

Carisoprodol Interactions

Carisoprodol pills may interact with several substances to produce unwanted effects. It is important to know about all the potential Carisoprodol interactions before starting the use of this medicine.

Most commonly used medications and substances that interact with Carisoprodol include:

  • Alprazolam
  • Buprenorphine
  • Butorphanol
  • Clobazam
  • Clozapine
  • Diazepam
  • Fentanyl
  • Gabapentin
  • Hydromorphone
  • Ketamine
  • Lorazepam
  • Meperidine
  • Methadone
  • Morphine
  • Oxycodone
  • Pregabalin
  • Trazodone
  • Tramadol
  • Triazolam
  • Zolpidem

Consult a certified pharmacist or doctor for a complete list of Carisoprodol interactions.